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Basic knowledge of cloth

2017-06-16 16:42:21

I, the characteristics of the fabric - each fabric has its own characteristics, which is its own conditions and performance.


The material properties can be divided into raw fiber raw materials, weaving, texture, weight, feel, finishing and cleaning performance and so on.


A brief description of the fabric weave, texture, weight, wearing performance.


1, weaving: fabrics, including woven fabrics and knitted fabrics, the vast majority of our clothing is woven, the most common woven fabrics are plain, twill, etc., that is, the yarn in a structured vertical and horizontal woven cloth Structure, the relationship between the texture of the fabric, re-care and feel.


2, texture: each kind of material has its own organizational structure, due to the different materials and weaving, resulting in different touch / visual effects. Such as: smooth glossy cotton, soft and light yarn and so on. An original cosplay clothes very attention to texture, so when the selection of fabric to be careful Oh, it is best to discuss with the tailor cutting method and materials.


3, weight: the weight of the fabric usually refers to G / M, (how many grams per meter). This needless to say it, you want to elegant little effect is necessary to pick a little light fabric, and vice versa. Such as exterior jacket, skirt, pants and so on more with more heavy fabric, and shirts are lighter fabrics, in addition, the fabric and the season also has a close relationship, autumn and winter will basically use more heavy fabric, spring and summer basic Will be on and lighter fabrics.


4, wearing and cleaning performance: wear performance is durable clothing, cleaning performance is whether the machine wash or need to wash or dry cleaning. This is very important for everyday wear clothes, but in terms of cosplay clothes, it is largely negligible. Sometimes in order to achieve the original BT effect requires the use of very troublesome fabric, plus clothes are not often dressed, will sacrifice the convenience of wearing and cleaning performance.


II, the classification of fabrics


In fact, there are many fabrics, according to the material of the cloth, then called textile fiber.


Although a wide variety of textile fibers, but can be divided into natural fiber and chemical fiber two categories:


★ natural fiber refers to the nature of some, or from the artificially cultured animals directly to the textile fiber.


★ chemical fiber is a natural or synthetic polymer as raw material, a certain method of manufacturing out of the textile fiber.


★ artificial fiber refers to the natural polymer (such as wood, sugar cane bagasse or animal fiber, etc.) as raw material, by a certain processing of fiber spinning.


★ Synthetic fiber is based on oil, coal, natural gas and some agricultural and sideline products as raw materials, synthetic polymer giant spinning fiber.


First, the nature of natural fibers


(A), cotton


1, strong hygroscopicity, comfortable to wear, easy to dye, easier to shrink.


2, alkali resistant acid, mercerized cotton is processed by caustic soda cotton fabric.


3, cotton fiber is more heat, but not suitable for more than 100 degrees in a long time, such as ironing temperature of about 190 degrees, cotton fabric ironing the best wet, conducive to ironing.


4, cotton fiber soft, weak, cotton fabric feel good, comfortable, washable, but easy to wrinkle, suitable for all seasons clothing and bedding.


(B), hemp


Ma a lot of varieties, ramie, linen, jute, marijuana, etc., when the former in the fabric with the secret is the first two. Hemp and cotton some of the same nature.


1, strong hygroscopicity, alkali is not acid.


2, heat resistance is also better, ironing temperature of up to 190 degrees - 210 degrees, easy to burn.


3, the strength is higher than cotton, hemp fiber hard, weak, the fabric easy to wrinkle, harder than cotton fabric, quite, cool. The so-called Chabu, that is, southerners love to wear ramie fabric, after sweating is not close.


Ramie is the best quality fiber in hemp fiber, with cool, moisture, breathable and other characteristics, and high stiffness, hard, very, not close, suitable for the production of summer clothing. Ramie and polyester blended processing system was "Ma is really good", with a very cool style.


(C), hair


The largest amount of wool used in textile wool, usually called wool.


Wool fiber than cotton fiber thick, there is a certain curl, the surface of a layer of scales covered. Due to the presence of scales, to the wool to bring a special nature, that is, velvet. Reducing refers to the wool in the warm water and washing liquid to be rubbed, the nature of each other with the felt. In the life of the hair products caused by shrinking after the shrinkage, density becomes larger, velvet is one of the reasons, if the scales destroyed, so that the performance of smooth and smooth, the hair products will not happen velvet. Therefore, the market for sale of machine wash sweater, through this surface treatment.


Less use, slightly.


(D), silk


Natural silk is divided into silk and wild silk, silk silk that is silk; wild silk in the main varieties of tussah silk. Silk strength, fiber slender, soft and smooth, weak than cellulose fiber, with a unique luster. Silk fabric that is tired like yarn, but also make it full of enterprising, such as nickname, is a high-quality clothing materials, and wool belong to the same protein fiber.


Unless it is very willing to cos, otherwise rarely used so expensive and expensive fiber bar. slightly.


Second, the nature of chemical fiber


★ as the main material of the seven clothing, their common characteristics are as follows:


A hygroscopicity is generally lower than the natural fiber, easy to wear static, easy to dust.


B Most of the high strength, good elasticity, wear long easy to make up the ball.


C burning when the general softening shrinkage, and some can melt, the production drop drop wire, issued a smell, ironing temperature is lower than the natural fiber.


D heat setting is better, because they are small hygroscopicity, so after washing can remain as it is.


(A), polyester (really good)


Is the fastest growing fiber in the current fiber. Commonly known as good. It made of silk fabric with soft posture yarn, Julie yarn, good lace, and near the summer market by the ladies welcome the so-called "hemp material" and so on. The cotton and cotton blended cotton really good (cotton polyester), and wool blended for the wool polyester, and linen spinning for the linen, etc. Features: a hot, impermeable, easy to dye, friction with static electricity, easy to vacuum , But not easy to shrink, easy to wash, quick dry.


(B), nylon (nylon, nylon, Kaplon)


Commonly known as nylon, nylon, Capron, etc., its characteristics: good elasticity, high strength, high wear resistance, light resistance is poor, in the sun is easy to yellow commonly used in socks, gloves and knitted sportswear.


(Three), acrylic (Austrian lun, cashmere Mill, Agax)


With fluffy, soft, warm and other characteristics, such as light, cheap, bright color, high degree of Taiwan, not mildew does not bite, do not have to wash after hot. Suitable for autumn, winter clothing fabrics, such as acrylic knitwear, woven fur coat, and blankets and so on.


(Four), vinylon (vinylon, yarn, Coke)


Will be sponge and cotton blended, it became the domestic market was popular Wei cotton cloth. Vinyl fabric is like cotton, in the synthetic fiber nature of the closest cotton fiber, as the use of vinyl in China for less clothing, and more for bedding, so not much introduction.


(5), viscose


Its raw materials are natural substances, such as wood, bamboo, cotton linter, bagasse, etc., spinning fiber is also called artificial silk, its fabrics are: beautiful silk, Fuchun spinning, artificial soft satin, rayon, artificial hair and so on. Its characteristics are as follows:


1, hygroscopicity, flammable.


2, the surface is smooth, soft to the touch. Viscose fabric drape than cotton and linen, suitable for skirts and a variety of clothing fabrics, lining.


(VI), vinegar (ester, acid) fiber (Victoria)


Most of them appear in a silk style, except for clothing fabrics, but also commonly used as lining and so on.


(Seven), spandex (Mali, Lycra)


With the plastic only high elasticity, it is also known as elastic fiber. Can replace the use of rubber, but the current price is more expensive.


1, high elasticity, with other fibers less than the high elasticity, good wear resistance.


2, in the case of cold snow or sun face without losing its flexibility.


III


First, cotton:


Advantages: sweat breathable, soft, anti-sensitive, easy to clean, not easy hair ball.


Disadvantages: easy wrinkles, shrink, easy to deformation.


Second, wool:


Advantages: warm, soft hair, good flexibility, strong heat insulation.


Disadvantages: easy to make hair ball, shrink, felting reaction.


Three skin


Advantages: a certain degree of respiratory performance, high degree of durability, high temperature.


Color: leather color dark and soft, imitation leather is bright.


Four, nylon:


Advantages: smooth surface, lighter, durable, easy to wash easy to dry, flexible and flexible.


Disadvantages: easy to produce static electricity.


Five, polyester fiber:


Advantages: good elasticity, silky soft, easy to soft, soft hair.


Disadvantages: breathable, easy to static and hair ball.


Six cotton


Natural fabric, comfortable, breathable, warm, but easy to wrinkle, easy to care, poor durability, easy to fade.


hemp:


Seven, natural fabric, comfortable, lightweight, breathable, but easy to wrinkle, not stiff, poor flexibility, wearing a skin when there is a sense of itching.


Eight, polyester:


Chemical fiber fabric, easy to care, crisp, no ironing, but poor ventilation, easy to produce static electricity, easy to dye.


Nine, silk:


Smooth and soft, good texture, colorful, but not easy to care, easy to wrinkle, shrinking.


Ten, silk:


Glossy soft, soft, delicate.


Rayon: metallic luster, feel rough.


11, silk - fabric shiny, soft and bright, soft, smooth, relatively easy to wrinkle, there is a certain degree of stretch.


Twelve, silk and rayon


1, silk: soft to the touch, full of elastic, soft moon song;


Rayon: feel slightly stiff, there is a wet feeling, body weight.


2, silk fabric shiny more quiet, bright and not dazzling, artificial silk fabric has a unique metallic luster, bright and dazzling than the silk fabric.


3, hand tighten the fabric after the release of days, silk fabric wrinkles and less obvious, rayon fabric wrinkles more.


Six, viscose - gloss than the cotton bright, the appearance of fine than the cotton cloth quiet, soft and smooth feel, body more soft, lack of flexibility, kneading easy wrinkles, wrinkles easy to recover.


This method of identification can be roughly differentiated from the fabric, but there are some limitations, for blended fabrics, sometimes difficult to make accurate identification, but the sensory identification method is simple and can not damage the clothes under the conditions for the general daily use.


Quanzhou MingQuan Garments Co.,Ltd

Quanzhou MingQuan Garments Co.,Ltd case number:Min ICP No. 16013477-1

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